Welcome to Mengla & Mohan

Area:              7056 square kilometers Population:       283,900 peoples (2011) 1. Geography and climate

Mengla is a county under the jurisdiction of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, in far southern Yunnan province, China. It is the southern gateway from Xishuangbanna, China to Southeast Asia, surrounded by untouched rainforest. Mengla borders Lao PDR to the east and south with a border line of 677.8 kilometers and Myanmar to the west divided by river with a border line of 63 kilometers. It is located to the east-south of Jinghong city (172 kilometers) and as well as borders Pu’er’s Jiangchen County to the north.

Mengla administrates grade-1 national border port Mohan land port and Guanlei wharf, and two important land passageway namely Mengman and Manzhuang. There are 3 asphalt roads linking to three capital cities of three Northern provinces of Lao PDR. Mohan port is located at the most south of Yunnan province, borders Boten of Laos. It is only and most convenient national grade land port connected China to Southeast and South Asia countries, and one of the main channels for Langcang-Mekong GMS economic cooperation, the best joint part for establishing China-ASEAN free trade zone. It is easily reach to LMTCV, the other 5 GMS countries by taking boat from Guanlei Wharf along Mekong River.

Mengla has been approved by Chinese government as opening district for international economic development since 1994. Mengla is the significant bridge and window for Yunnan participating n the Langcang-Mekong GMS regional economic cooperation. 2. Demographic Profile

Mengla Demographic Profile in 2010 and 2011 (Peoples) 

Items

No. of Population

Percentage (%)

Total population 283,900

·         Female

148,100

48.24

·         Male

269,139

51.79

·         Agriculture

194,700

61.92

·         Non-Agriculture

89,200

38.08

·         Age 0-14

58,392

20.73

·         Age 15-59

200,935

71.32

·         Age 60 and above

22403

7.95

·         Ethnic Minorities

197,858

70.22

·         Han Nationality

83,872

29.78

Source: 1) the sixth nationwide population census in 2010, Mengla Statistic Bureau http://xxgk.yn.gov.cn/canton_model12/newsview.aspx?id=1439793

2) The Yunnan Statistics Year Book 2011

3. Languages With 26 ethnic groups in Mengla, dozens of languages can be heard throughout the county. Some ethnic languages belong to the language system with the other GMS countries, especially Laos and Thai, which helps a lot for Laos and Thais travelers and business man.  However, mandarin Chinese is used for official purposes and in business. English is not widely spoken in Mengla, and foreigners will usually require an interpreter. 4. Administrative structure   Mengla County administrates 8 towns, such as Mengla, Mengpeng, Mengman, Menglun, Shangyong, Mengban, Guanlei, Yiwu and two ethnic towns namely Xiangming Yi ethnic townships and Yaoqu Yao ethnic townships. Besides, there are 4 state owned rubber farm residential quarter namely   Mengpeng, Mengla, Mengman and Mengxing.

Why invest in Mengla & Mohan

Based on the construction of current 6 pillar industries, such as the development of the industries of forestry, tourism and culture, electric power, animal husbandry and organic food processing, industrial hemp, traditional Dai medicine and South China medicinal plants, Jinghong has been considered by Yunnan Government as the central city of the GMS international cooperation economic zone.

1)     Geographic advantages

Mengla administrates grade-1 national border port Mohan land port and Guanlei wharf, and two important land passageway namely Mengman and Manzhuang. There are 3 asphalt roads linking to three capital cities of three Northern provinces of Lao PDR. Mohan port is located at the most south of Yunnan province, borders Boten of Laos. It is only and most convenient national grade land port connected China to Southeast and South Asia countries, and one of the main channels for Langcang-Mekong GMS economic cooperation, the best joint part for establishing China-ASEAN free trade zone. It is easily reach to LMTCV, the other 5 GMS countries by taking boat from Guanlei Wharf along Mekong River.

2)     Natural resource

Mengla is definitely worthy for its fame as the Kingdom of Plants. In Mengla, there are over 4000 species of plants, of which over 1000 species can be used directly, over 433 species were in the key protection species list. There is 330,666.7 ha virgin forest, of which 113,333 ha is national natural protection area. The Xishuangbanna Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) was also located in Menglun town covering an area of 1,100 ha.

The forest in Mengla is also the home of over 6000 wild animals. 97 kinds of animals were considered as the national key protection species. Most of them are only existing in Mengla.

Mengla has the big potential to develop its bio-technology industry.f 677.

 

Investing in Mengla & Mohan

Menlga’s pillar industries include rubber, tea, mining, sugar manufactory and tourism, of which rubber industry is the key industry for national economy of Mengla.

I. Catalogue of Priority Industries for Foreign Investment in Mengla (2011)

1)     Infrastructure construction: road, water and electricity, harbor, wharf, ports, public and municipal areas.

2)     Agriculture and animal husbandry: biotechnology, biological resources industry development, comprehensive utilization of agricultural resources, good pedigree livestock breeding, aquatic products breeding.

3)     Tourism: scenic region or spots, tourist products processing and manufacturing, hotel management and services, construction of assorted tourist culture facilities.

4)     Environmental conservation and river pollution treatment.

5)     Industries of technology, education, culture, health and care, and sports

6)     Services industries: science and technology information consultation, business and foreign trade.

 

II. Allowed foreign investment forms

1)     Sino-Foreign equity Joint Ventures, co-operative Joint Ventures and Wholly- Owned Foreign Enterprises

2)     Chinese Holding Companies, Foreign investment joint stock company, joint operation, mergers and acquisitions, lease, trusteeship, contract

3)     BOT, management right transformation, charging right.

4)     Project financing

5)     Other international investment forms

 

Source: http://www.zgsxzs.com/plus/view.php?aid=33412

(Source: 1) General approval and registration procedures chart, Establishing a Foreign Invested Enterprise in China, by A Norton Rose Group Guide, Norton Rose LLP 2010 Edition No. NR8079; and 2) Application Procedure for Establishing a Foreign Invested Enterprise, Official website of Jinghong Investment Promotion Office, http://www.jhszs.cn/fwzxshow.aspx?showid=87)

Tourism Opportunities in Mengla & Mohan

With the “crossing border tourism” development strategy, Mengla had received 7.870 million tourists with a total income of RMB 4.051 billion during 2006-2010, 7.42 times than the previous 5 year (2001-2005). The total number of tourists in 2012 reached to 2.639 million with the total income of RMB 1.967 billion.

Mengla Tourism Profile, 2006- 2010

Items Amount
Total tourist income  RMB 4.051 billion

(USD 0.660 billion)

Total of Tourists 7.870 million tourists
Domestic tourists 7.188 million
Oversea  tourists 0.243 million
One-day stay tourists  0.438 million
Tourism Sights 5
Hostel and Hotel 142
Employees in Tourism Industry 3500 peoples

(Source: http://www.mltravel.gov.cn/newshow.aspx?id=546,

http://www.mltravel.gov.cn/newshow.aspx?id=223)

Main Tour Sights in Mengla

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanic Garden, Menglun

Parashorea cathayensis scenic spot

Menglun Tourist Town

Yiwu Tourist Town

Kongming Ecological Tourist Area

Tropical rainforest national park (Mengyuan & Mandan)

 

Main Tourist Investment Projects of Mengla:

There are 9 key tourist projects which are Phase II development for Menglun Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanic Garden, Menglun Characteristic Tourist Small Town, Parashorea cathayensis scenic spot improvement, Yiwu Characteristic Tourist Small Town, 9 tourist characteristic villages, Mengla Haicheng Jinglan Hotel, Kongming mountain ecological tourist area, Mengla cultural tourist industry park, Mengla Jindu Commercial city with a total investment of RMB 273.589 million.

Project Investment Form Type of Business Investment Capital Project Promoter Location
Bangshan Border Leisure Tourist Resort(2009)

 

Cooperative Education, Health and Care, Culture and Sports, Entertainment RMB  50 million

 

Mengla People’s Government

 

Mengman Town, Mengla County, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, P.R.Chian
Guanlei Port Laos-Myanmar-Thailand Petty Commodities Wholesale Market (2009) Sole proprietorship Residents services, repair and other services RMB 15 million Mengla People’s Government

 

Guanlei Border Trade Administration Committee, Mengla, Xishaungbanna, Yunnan Province, P.R.China
Mengla Yiwu Characteristic Tourist Small Town Sole proprietorship & cooperative Education, Health and Care, Culture and Sports, Entertainment RMB 150 million   Yiwu town, Mengla, Yunnan, P.R.China
The Green Triangle Scene Region of Upper Mekong River

 

Sole proprietorship & Joint Venture Education, Health and Care, Culture and Sports, Entertainment RMB 50 million   3rd area of the Guanlei Border Trade Zone, Mengla, Yunnan, P.R.China

 

 

Planned Tourism Development Projects of Xishuangbanna (2011-2015)

Tourism Development Projects (Areas)

Total investment (RMB, million)

1.     Development of public tourist services and Infrastructure

5 projects

148

·         Tourism information and service center

1

37

·         Tourists rest stop

12

12

·         tourism toilet

88

44

·         Tourist public sign system

5

·         Self-driving tour camp

some

50

2.     Tourist Attractions Improvement

10 projects

2,765

3.     Tourist small town development (Menglun, Dadugang, Menghan, Gasa, Yiwu, Daluo)

6 towns

29,091

4.     leisure and recreation base for sport and fitness

13 projects

37,095

·         Mohan Border Cultural Resort Base

1

100

5.     Tourist featured villages (one village one product, one household one skill)

4 projects

105

·         Villages in Mengla

9 villages

25

6.     Tourist route traffic

5 projects

2,955.3

·         Airport reconstruction and expansion

986.99

·         2nd Class Road of Jinghong-Menglun

1,668.3

·         Lancang – Mekong river international shipping and tourist facilities

100

·         Main roads in Scene Sports of Mengla

100

7.     Build high-end resorts and 4 star upper hotels, and improve supporting  facilities

30 projects

7,564

·         Mohan Border Resort

225

·         Menglun Antana Resort

380

8.     Other tourist projects

13 projects

96,606

(Source: 12th Five-Year Tourism Development Plan (2011-2015) of Xishuangbanna)

Mengla & Mohan Macro Economic Indicators

Main macroeconomic indicators of Mengla, 2012

Source: Mengla Statistic Bureau Official website, 2012 http://xxgk.yn.gov.cn/canton_model12/newsview.aspx?id=2165225

1. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Growth Rate of Mengla (2009-2012)

Source: Mengla Government Work Report 2011, http://www.sssta.net/detailed_gh.asp?id=32012&sid=1577

Note:

Primary Industry:           Farming, Forestry, Animal Husbandry and Fishery

Secondary Industry:      Mining and Quarrying, Manufacturing, Production and Supply of Electricity, Water, Fuel Gas and Construction.

Tertiary Industry:            Other economic activities not included in primary or secondary industry, such as services of farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery, communications and transportation, storage and postal serves, information transmission, computer software services, wholesale and retail trade, hotel and food services, banking, real estate lease and commercial services, scientific research and technical service, geological prospecting, health care, social security and welfare, culture, sports and entertainment, public management and social organization.  (Refer to the Yunnan Statistical Year Book 2012)

Sugarcane, grain crops, rubber and tea are the leading industries of primary industry, sugar processing and mining for secondary industry and tourism for tertiary industry. The tourist in Mengla is increasing year by year. Since the visa services implemented, more and more tourists from UK, USA, France, Germany, Japan, Australia, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia are visiting Mengla. Mohan port became the busiest port for the third countries tourist.

2. International Trade and Economic Cooperation

The main international economic cooperation project of Mengla is the opium substitution project. The project started from the contract with Luang Namtha Province of Laos to plant rubber instead of opium in 1997, gradually extended to construction contract, found factory, mineral development, agricultural and commercial crops development and cooperation, agri-products processing and construction of comprehensive business market etc. cooperation fields.

From January to August of 2011, 14 enterprises were involved in the “opium substitution project”, 49950.8 ha opium planting area has been replaced by other commercial crops, of which 41,228.8 ha for rubber, 5,418 ha for sugarcane, 53.3 ha for tea, 1970.7 ha for walnut, 738.7 for maize, 541.3 ha for rice paddy.

Mengla government has come out some favourable condition to encourage qualified enterprises engaged in foreign trade to go abroad to contract with Laos and other countries. There are 2 factories in Laos with the total investment as of USD 1.6 million.

 

Foreign trade companies: 59
·         Abroad opium substitution projects: 14
·         Abroad engineering contract: 1
·         Abroad mineral developing: 3

Source: 1Good Practices and Outcomes of Open-door and international cooperation of Mengla, Bureau of Commerce and the Bureau of Overseas Chinese Affairs and Foreign Affairs

2) http://news.uplook.cn/news/jrnews/224276.html

There are five on-going economic cooperation projects between Xishuangbanna – Laos and Xishuangbanna – Myanmar.

(Source: 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015) for International Economic Development of Xishaungbanna)   

3. Agriculture sector

The total value of agricultural outputs reach to RMB 3.91 billion in 2012 with 7.3% increased than the year earlier. At the end of 2010, there are 9 pillar industries in Agriculture sectors such as grain, rubber, tea, tropical fruits, South Chinese Medicine, Sugarcane, vegetables, animal husbandry and fishery.

In the 2011-2015 agriculture development plan, Mengla plans to develop the 9 pillar industries while enhance new industries development such as Red konjac and Dendrobium.  Mengla pay more efforts on agri-products processing by implementing:

1)     7 agriculture infrastructure construction projects in rural area

2)     14 projects for agri-production base construction

3)     8 projects for agricultural science and technology extension

4)     2 projects for fine breed cultivation

5)     4 projects for animal and plants protection

6)     1 project for agri-products’ quality and safety control system

7)     2 projects for agricultural marketing information system

8)     1 agri-resources and ecoological conservation

9)     8 projects on Agricultural industrialization promotion

10)  5 projects for capacity building on agricultural public services and administration

Source: DRAFT 12th Five-Year Plan for Agriculture Development of Mengla (2011-2015)

Volume and increase rate of the main agricultural products, Mengla, 2011

Products

Volume of output

Planting area

Increase rate

Dry Rubber 135,000 tons 72000 ha (available trees) 13.4
Sugarcane 55,100 tons    
Grain 78,200 tons    

·         Paddy

29,500 tons    

·         Maize

46,200 tons    
Fruits 274,500 tons    

·         Banana

246,700 tons 8333 ha 32.2
Vegetables (2012) 64,549,000 kg 3731 ha  
Tea 3,788 tons   10.1
Oil-bearing crops 500 tons    

Source: 1) Mengla Bureau of Commerce: Mengla Government Work Report 2012;

2) Yunnan Statistics Year Book 2011.

Volume of Dry Rubber output of Xishuangbanna, 2012

4. Industry outputs

The total value of industrial output of Mengla in 2012 is RMB 0.844 billion with 7.4% increase with added value of RMB 0.44 billion at an increased rate of 8.1%.

Output and Increase Rate of Major Industrial Products of Mengla, 2012

Industrial Products

Unit

Outputs

Increase Rate (%)

Electric energy production

Million kwh

27.5

58.6

Crude Iron ore

million tons

2.46

21.8

Sugar

Thousand tons

           24.816

- 40.5

Refined tea

tons

1477

14.9

Cement

thousand tons

78.795

- 14.7

5. Transportation

G8511 Kunming–Mohan Expressway

The Kunming–Mohan Expressway, commonly referred to as the Kunmo Expressway, is an expressway that connects Kunming, Yunnan, China, and Mohan, a town on the border with Laos, in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan. The expressway is a spur of G85 Chongqing–Kunming Expressway and is entirely in Yunnan Province.

The Kunming–Mohan Expressway forms the Chinese portion of the Kunming–Bangkok Expressway, to Bangkok, Thailand. Mohan, the southern terminus, is on the China–Laos border and there is a border checkpoint which connects to Route 13 in Laos.

The expressway is not fully complete in some sections. Currently, China National Highway 213 parallels much of this route but is not an expressway.

Border Port and Passageway in Mengla County 

No.

Name of Port

Level

Note

1

Mohan Land port

National Grade 1

 

2

Mengman (Chahe) Passageway

Passageway for crossing border

Bilateral government agreed  opening port

3

Shangyong Manzhuang Passageway

Passageway for crossing border

 

4

Shangyong Xinmin Passageway

Passageway

 

5

Guanlei dot

National Grade 1

With JingHongGang acceptance at the same time

Souce: Mengla Bureau of Commerce, June 30, 2009

Research and Development in Mengla & Mohan

Academy and Institution:

 

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanic Garden, Chinese Academy of Science

Address: Menglun town, Mengla county, Xishuangbanna 666303, Yunnan, China

Tel: +86 (0) 691-8715071

Fax: +86 (0) 691-8715070

Website: http://english.xtbg.cas.cn/

 

Mengla & Mohan Economic Zones

1.     Mohan-Boten Cross Border Economic Cooperation Zone

Based on the Yunnan Xishuangbanna Boten Economic Development Zone (since 2001), Yunnan Province has proposed to Laos’ Luang Namtha Province to set up a Mohan-Boten cross-border economic cooperation zone based on the “two countries, one zone; separate administrations, joint planning” model in 2012. According to the proposal, this would require an agreement between the two national governments to jointly boost this border area’s development and service China-ASEAN free trade zone development. Mohan – Boten cross-border economic cooperation zones was considered as a breakthrough to deepen economic and trade ties with neighboring countries, grasp of foreign roads and the upcoming start of the Trans-Asian Railway line construction work, based on resources and focus on developing Dai medicine, tea, eco-food industry, construction, export-oriented industrial base, boost economic development and Xishuangbanna ‘border trade circle’ construction.

According to the public draft plan, the cooperation zone includes two areas and 12 clusters as below.

 

Draft Planning for Mohan-Boten Cross Border Economic Cooperation Zone

Planned Areas

Mohan- China Area

Boten-Laos Area

Separated Clusters

·         Logistics Distribution Central Cluster

·         Life Services Cluster

·         Import and Export Trade Processing West Cluster

·         Import and Export Trade Processing East Cluster

 

·         Laos National Leisure Cluster

·         Logistic Trade Cluster

Crossing border Clusters

·         Mohan (Shanggang) Retreat Joint Inspection Cluster

·         Boten (Nadui) Retreat Joint Inspection Cluster

·         Cross-border natural conservation area (cluster)

·         Cross-border Commercial and Financial Cluster

·         Cross-border Tourism and Leisure Cluster

·         Cross-border National Forest Park Cluster

Source:

1)     http://mqvu.wordpress.com/tag/laos/

2)     http://www.mltravel.gov.cn/newshow.aspx?id=134

3)     http://www.best-news.us/news-5030426-Xishuangbanna-Yunnan-and-Laos-Myanmar-and-Thailand-to-promote-the-border-trade-circle-construction.html, July 30, 2013

4)     http://www.zgmh.net/Article_show.aspx?id=62, 2012.

The total volume of foreign trade goods of Mohan increased from 328 thousand tons in 2008 to 1.2744 million tons in 2012 with the average annual growth rate of 32 % in the 5 years. Meanwhile, the total foreign trade volume rose from 18.3 thousand tons to 117 thousand tons with an average annual increase rate of 45 %.

1.     Mengman Industrial Zone 

Mengman Industrial Zone is planned as the part of Mohan Import and Export Process Zone, a planned 4.76 square kilometers. It is located at the 50 km far from Mohan Import and Export Processing Zone and 53 km from Mengla County. The zone will include 5 clusters namely life services clusters, storage and logistics clusters, Grade-I industrial clusters, Grade-III industrial clusters and Long-term development clusters.

2.  Guanlei Border Trade Zone 

Guanlei Border Trade Zone was established in 1993 with planned 205 ha area. The current total capital for development has been reached to RMB 0.31 billion contributed by central government, local government and investment.

Statistics of Guanlei Border Trade Zone (2008)

Permanent residents 3000
Individual household business 264
Cross-border trade companies 18
Water transportation enterprises 16
Mid-range hostel and hotel 13 (520 beds)
Average daily pass-in-and-out passenger and cargo ships 14 (over 30 boats at summit season)
Main trade products Mining, timber, sea food, rubber, tropical fruits, dried fruits, chemical fiber products, textile, construction materials, electromechanical equipment, chemical industrial product, general merchandise, agricultural and sideline products etc.
Average annual trade value RMB 0.57 billion
Average annual trade goods 74 thousand tons

 

· Investment Promotion Projects in 2013

o    Guanlei Eoonomic Zone Import and Export Products Processing Zone

o    Guanlei Storage and Logistics Services Center

Contacts: Hu Zhili

Tel: +86 135 7815 5898

Fax: +86 (0) 691 8786 022

Email: 85104267@qq.com

Mengla & Mohan Business Associations

Institution Name
Development and Reform Commission

of Mengla

Investment Promotion and Cooperation

Bureau of Mengla

Industry and Informatization Commission of

Mengla

Mengla Federation of Industry and Commerce (Mengla Chamber of Commerce)
Mohan Economic Development Zone Management Committee

Tel/Fax: (+856-84) 212080

Mobile:  (+856-20)55092634

Email: souphone@laotel.com